About Roses

rose flower variations

Genus

Rosa

Species

Roses come in over 300 different species. On top of these varieties, there are thousands and thousands of rose hybrids. Some of the most popular kinds of roses include China roses, Miniature roses, and English roses.

History

Roses are some of the most well-known and recognisable types of flowers. Their great diversity and variety means that there is something fitting for any occasion.

Roses also have significant value historically. Throughout time, there has been a great attraction to roses, with them often being seen as symbolic across different cultures and traditions. They have many meanings and are sometimes looked at differently depending on how they have been arranged.

Some of the most common uses of roses as symbols include - red roses as a sign of love, white roses to mark innocence, and yellow roses as a sign of friendship.

rose flower variations

Appearance

Roses exist in many different forms - some of them are very compact, while some of them have a tendency to climb, reaching several meters tall. Shrubs and miniature roses are also quite common.

Rose stems are arching and upright, and are covered in lots of prickles. The leaves of the roses themselves are generally dark green and glossy, although they may sometimes be lighter and even greyish.

The flowers of roses come in many different shapes. Taking a look at them, you’ll see that some are rounded or cupped, while others are flat or bulb-shaped. They are often large and colourful and span a variety of shades and hues. It’s common to find roses that are peach, white, pink, gold, yellow, red, and much more. Roses are also known for their very fragrant smell.

Growth & Maintenance

The majority of rose species come from Asia, with some also native to North America, Europe, and northwest Africa. A lot of roses flower at large starting at the beginning of summer. Depending on the type of rose, they can flower in one large bloom, or they may flower for the whole duration of summer. Biologically, roses are very easy to combine; this is shown in the wide variety of modern rose species.

Roses don’t do well in soil that is waterlogged, of poor quality, or too dry. You won’t get much flowering in the shade either. The best way to grow roses is in soil that is suitably fertile, with just the right amount of moisture. They favour sunny locations and respond well to feeding and mulching.

Generally, roses are hardy and versatile and can be put in many different spots in the garden. To make sure your roses thrive, give them direct sunlight, whereby they should receive at least a minimum of four hours.

Planting roses next to other plant species causes more competition for sunlight and moisture. Because of this, you should put them at least one metre away from other plants, and even a couple of feet away from other roses.

Strong winds can loosen the base of your roses, which can cause angular growth. If the angle is very acute, this can be fatal. Make sure soil is planted firmly around it and use a stake to stabilise them if necessary.

Read more from the Our Guide To Spotting Flowers series

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By Miles Warner 21 September 2020